Daniel J. Martín-Arroyo (University of Barcelona), Trade and institution from Alexandria to Rome: The amphorae from Pompeii.
Amphorae from Pompeii can be related to each other from their forms and provenances, their epigraphic features and their specific assemblages or contexts. A quantitative and epigraphic analysis will allow to define certain aspects on the Mediterranean trade and its scope in the Campania region.
Concerning this, some hypotheses are posed on the mechanisms of the successful commercialization of the oriental amphorae found in Pompeii. The annonary supply from Alexandria to Puteoli, Rome, and the limes was associated with the exchange of other products. Regional redistribution and navigation stopovers should be considered for the configuration of these secondary cargoes. The tituli picti seem to fit in the configuration of the assemblages along these routes, with the intervention of certain traders with specific roles and relationships, as showed by the epigraphic interconnections of some Egyptian, Cilician and Cretan amphorae.
Private trade would also have benefited from other forms of public administration. Thus, the Cretan amphorae have been associated with the collection of Capuan vectigalia, as well as the Carrot-type amphorae to the imperial properties. In addition to this, the remarkable epigraphic presence of Ti. Ti. Claudii is a possible indicator of imperial intervention through his slaves and freedmen. Finally, these tituli picti will allow a new approach to the personal relationships of commercial agents benefited from the economic dynamics of Roman institutions.