Alvaro Jimenez-Sancho, The beginnings of bricks import in southwestern Hispania. An ideological reading.

The use of brick to the length and breadth of the Roman Empire seems to be greatly depending on the availability of raw materials in each zone. However its use on public buildings have been the focus of the majority of investigations, taking as a reference the architecture of Rome itself. In Hispania the governments of Trajan and Hadrian have been considered the culmination of the use of brick, even though the oldest evidence date from the 2nd century BC regarding the need of using this material in thermal buildings. However, the presence of bricks in domestic contexts has just been treated by the investigations. In this article we want to draw attention to several urban excavations as in the lower Guadalquivir, where the bricks and the tegulae begin to arrive in the period of the Civil Wars, in particular in relation to the colonization policy started by Julius Caesar.
Although brick production is at least attested in the colony Romula Hispalis (Seville) in the reign of Claudius, our hypothesis is that the deductio of this colony was the arrival of these materials as a reference ideological evidence of the new legal status, understanding brick as the specifically Roman material that brings together a series of ideological values which are manifested in its use. In this sense, Seville as one of the most important ports in the Western Mediterranean will be fundamental in understanding the arrival of these materials.